This page shows some examples of what Graph extension can produce.

Graphs use </> Vega grammar (</> documentation) as underlying technology.

Vega team is working on </> other tools to make Graphs easier to use.

For interactive graphs </> this tutorial will explain building graphs step by step.

For other graph ideas, see </> Vega examples.

Graph templates edit

The easiest way to use graphs is via pre-built templates such as the Graph:Chart (available on many Wikipedias), or more specialized PieChart.

Graph:Chart supports many common graph types such as line, area, and pie charts:




Vega 2.0 interactive examples edit

See tutorial how to build this:

Extension:Graph/Demo/Dimpvis From

Extension:Graph/Demo/Airports From

Extension:Graph/Demo/OverviewDetail From

Extension:Graph/Demo/IndexChart From

Using RESTBase API edit

Show pageview graphs for a range of dates, using pageview analytics API.

See Template:Graph:PageViews </>.

Current page and's main page for the last 30 days

{{Graph:PageViews|30|Main Page|}}

Current page and en.wikipedia main page for the last 30 days - per type

Using MediaWiki API edit

This graph shows edit history for a wiki page.

See {{Graph:PageHistory}}</>.

Current Page Albert Einstein from

This graph shows the number of pages in each subcategory.

See [[Special:MyLanguage/Extension:Graph/Demo/CategoryPie</>|graph source code]].

Category:Extensions by category. Category:People from
Template:Extension:Graph/Demo/CategoryPie Template:Extension:Graph/Demo/CategoryPie

Using Wikidata Query Service API edit

See more examples.

Trees edit

Cartesian tree edit


Radial tree edit


Dendrogram edit


Timeline / lifeline edit

More maps examples edit

This transcludes the page Extension:Graph/Demo/Map</>.

The <graph> tag's JSON data on that page specifies that its countries data comes from a separate URL, Extension:Graph/Demo/RawData:WorldMap-iso2-json, that contains map data in JSON format.

One of the elements in the <graph> tag's JSON data specifies a highlight color for each country, in the format "country-code":"highlight-color":


Vega usually works with data in the format [{"id":"country-code", "v":"highlight-color"}, ...], so I created a helper Lua function to convert the data:

{{#invoke:Graph:Utils|expandDict|{"BR":"pink","US":"blue","CN":"red","DZ":"green","AU":"purple"} }}

The Lua function's output is data in Vega's format:


Here is a more complex data processing example: MapTemplate is expanded with the data from Lua which takes it from the 2010 population distribution in the world (data based on UN data).

To generate this graph, I use Lua module Graph:Utils's function parseCsv to extract the year 2010 column from the Extension:Graph/Demo/RawData:PopulationByCountryHistoric-csv page (in csv format), and pass that data as the first unnamed parameter to the MapTemplate graph.

Additional optional parameter specifies that it should be scaled to 80%.


Note how the legend it wrongly positioned.

That won't happen at lower scales.

Passing MediaWiki template parameters edit

If you're using a wiki page as a template, you can pass parameters to it, like any other MediaWiki template.

As an example, the graph specification in TemplateSample does not hardcode a fill color for; instead it sets the fill color to {{{1|#ccc}}}.

So if you visit that page or transclude it with no parameter, the graph fills with color #ccc; but if you transclude that page you can specify the fill color as the first template parameter.

{{:Extension:Graph/Demo/TemplateSample | blue}}
{{:Extension:Graph/Demo/TemplateSample | #f00dee}}

Using a template for repeated graphs edit

This is very useful if you have multiple graphs of the same form: you can put the verbose graph JSON and additional repetive wikitext in a template and only pass the parameters to it that vary, such as title and values. See a sample of this approach.

Overlaying two types of data edit

Falkensee graph sample, see code.

Copied from vega demo, which was modeled on this graph.

Embedded directly with <graph> edit

This example is a <graph> tag containing the graph JSON inside the current page.

Horizontal bar graph edit


Editing graph data edit

Editing JSON by hand is fiddly and prone to error. so you should use a JSON checker such as JSONLint or a JSON editor such as the Vega Live Editor to edit JSON before you copy and paste it into the wiki page. If the <graph> tag's data is directly embedded in the page such as the example above, then if you use VisualEditor to edit the page you can directly edit graph data.